Los diferentes “yoes” que existen dentro de mi, descritos usando un lenguaje más científico.
Virtual machine functionalism
Arising largely from an article by Sloman and Chrisley (2003) this approach to machine consciousness rests on Dennett’s observation that a way of resolving over-constraining materialist ties in the study of consciousness, it is possible to consider mental states as being the result of a virtual machine running on the parallel material of the neural brain. They draw attention to Block’s (1996) contention that a functionalist model is merely a state machine. That is, a mental state inexorably leads to another pre-determined mental state and this can only be influenced by sensory input. This is a rather restricted view of the richness of mental activity. Sloman and Chrisley point out that this impoverished view may be replaced by a richer one where one allows that a mental state is the product of the state of several interacting machines whose states not only contribute to an overall mental state, but where these sub-states can modify each other through interaction of the machines. Calling this ‘virtual machine functionalism’, they provide a ‘schema’ (COGAFF) for discussing the virtual processes that constitute a functional view of being conscious. They suggest that it is important to consider two principal interacting streams, one which flows from sensation to action and another which flows from reaction to deliberation. The also allow for a global form of altered control such as may arise in an emergency.